More than four million years ago, humankind originated in Africa.
Our appearance and the way our bodies function are evolutionary
adaptations to the African environments. Since the beginning, Africans
have struggled to survive against the difficult living conditions
of the continent. While civilizations
rose and fell around the world, most African communities remained
European powers began conquering and dividing the continent centuries
ago, and the influence of the foreign nation exists to this day. The
colonial period was brutal for Africa, and the legacy of its devastating
past continues to trouble its people. It influenced all aspects of
African society and culture.
Modern Africans are arguably the most diverse people in the world.
More than 3,000 unique ethnic
groups are recognized in Africa. The customs, languages,
and cultural mores of people on the continent are quite different
from country to country and from region to region.